Plants are commonly grown in soil or in water. Aeroponics, on the other hand, is the process of growing plants in an air or mist without using the soil. In an enclosed/semi-closed environment, a nutrient-rich solution is sprayed over a plant's lower stem up to the dangling roots for continuous growth.
The root structure of a plant is sensitive. However, if an aeroponic appratus fails to work, a conventional hydroponic system will be used as a backup for water and nutrition supply. Though hydroponics are helpful in 'rescuing' the plants, some growers still prefer the Aeroponics because it prevents pathogens (disease-causing organisms) faster.
As mentioned, an Aeroponic equipment involves a set of sprayers, Foggers, and misters.
Furthermore, Fogponics, from the words fog and ponos (labor), has been developed. It is an advanced form of Aeroponics, which uses vaporized water to transfer oxygen and nutrients to the suspended roots of the plant. The traditional Aeroponics delivers 20-50 micrometre mist, while the advanced fogponics delivers 5-30 micrometre within the rooting chamber. The smaller the range, the faster the plant's absorption is. Plants absorb nutrient particles from 1-25 micrometer, thus, using Fogponics require less energy and they can produce enough amount to sustain a large plant.
- Easy to build and maintain
- Maximizes enough space
- Reduced use of water and energy
- Little maintenance
- Limited availability for commercial or consumer use
Fogponics also require little maintenance, which is good. Removing the crop traces and cleaning the Fogger periodically are all it requires to maintain. The fogger has a lifespan of 6,000 hours, and only requires replacement around twice or thrice a year, if used continuously.